Monday, July 29, 2013

Active Directory: DSQUERY Commands

DSQUERY Commands to query AD objects:-

 1. How to find all members for a particular group

  dsget group "<DN of the group>" -members
1a. How to find all groups for a particular member (including nested groups)

  dsget user "<DN of the user>" -memberof -expand
  dsquery user -samid "username" | dsget user -memberof -expand

2. How to find memberof , lastlogontimestamp , homemta(Mail server) , Samaccountname & so on(Repadmin /showattr <DCname> <"DN">)
 dsquery * "<DN>" -scope base -attr lastlogontimestamp memberoff

 repadmin /showattr <DCNAME> <"DN"> /attrs:lastlogon,homemta,whencreated,lastlogontimestamp,samaccountname

3. How to modify user last name.
 dsmod user <dn> -ln "<last name>"

4. How to find memberof , lastlogontimestamp , homemta(Mail server) , Samaccountname & so on for "n" number of users
 Create a batch file(for /f "eol= tokens=* delims= usebackq" %%x in (%1) do dsquery * %%x -scope base -attr sAMAccountName objectsid whencreated  lastlogontimestamp mail homeMTA memberof) e.g ds.bat

 Create a text file (All users DN e.g:dn.txt)

 Open cmd & run ds.bat dn.txt >> c:\attr.txt

5. How to find DN for n number of computers
 for /f %%x in (%1) do dsquery computer -name %%x

  (Create a batch file with line & create a txt file computer.txt

  open cmd >>>>>>batchfile computer.txt >> c:\dn.txt

6. Find Subnet with associated site.
  dsquery subnet -name <CIDR> | dsget subnet

8.How to find disabled users
  dsquery user "dc=ssig,dc=com" -disabled

  dsquery * -filter "(&(objectCategory=person)(objectClass=user)(userAccountControl:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=2))"

9. How to find OS?
 dsquery * <"DN"> -scope base -attr operatingSystem

10. How to find site ?
 dsquery site -name * -limit 0
 dsquery server -s <server> | dsget server -site

11. How to get tombstonelifetime ?
 dsquery * "CN=Directory Service,CN=Windows NT,CN=Services,CN=Configuration,DC=yourdomain,DC=com" -scope base -attr tombstonelifetime

13. How to find mail box?

 dsquery * -filter "samaccountname=biswajit" -attr homemdb 

14. How to find the GCs?
 DsQuery Server -domain -isgc

15.How to find all the active users?

 dsquery * -filter "(&(objectCategory=person)(objectClass=user)(!userAccountControl:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=2))"

16.How to find users logon name by their mail address for bulk users?

 For Single user

  dsquery * domainroot -filter "(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(mail=e-mailaddress))" -attr name

  For bulk users

  for /f %%x in (%1) do dsquery * domainroot -filter "(&(objectcategory=person)(objectclass=user)(mail=%%x))" -attr name

17. How to find Schema version?

  dsquery * cn=schema,cn=configuration,dc=domainname,dc=local -scope base -attr objectVersion

18. How to find Site name by server name ?

  dsquery server -name test1 | dsget server -site

  dsquery server -name (provide the server name for DN) | dsget server -site
19. How to find all groups of a user is memberof without the DN's?

  dsquery user -samid anthony | dsget user -memberof | dsget group -samid

  dsquery user -samid (provide the samaccount name of the user) | dsget user -memberof | dsget group -samid

20. How to find all groups if a computer account without giving the DN's ?

  dsquery computer -name test1 | dsget computer -memberof | dsget group -samid

21. How to find PDC role holder for the existing domain ?

  dsquery server -hasfsmo PDC

22. How to find Infrastructure Master role holder existing domain ?

  dsquery server -hasfsmo INFR

23. How to find RID master role holder for existing domain ?

  dsquery server -hasfsmo RID

24. How to find Schema master role holder in a Forest ?

  dsquery server -forest -hasfsmo Schema

25. How to find Domain Naming Master in a Forest ?

  dsquery server -forest -hasfsmo Name

26. How to find if the Domain Controller is a Global Catalog (GC) or not ?

  dsquery server -name test1 | dsget server -isgc

27. How to find subnet with associated site.

  dsquery subnet -name | dsget subnet
28.  How to find SID of a user?

  dsquery user -samid <bbiswas> | dsget user -sid
  dsquery * -filter (samaccountname=Biswajit) – attr sid

29.  How to find sIDHisotry of a user?

  Dsquery * -filter (samaccoutname=Bbiswas) – attr siDhistory

30.  How to find enabled computer accounts in an OU?

 dsquery computer OU=Test,DC=contoso,DC=com -limit 5000 | dsget computer -dn -disabled | find /i " no"

31.  How to count enabled computer accounts in an OU?

 dsquery computer OU=Test,DC=contoso,DC=com -limit 5000 | dsget computer -dn -disabled | find /c /i " no"

32. How to find all members for a OU.
dsquery user ou=targetOU,dc=domain,dc=com

33. How to find all groups for a OU.

dsquery group ou=targetOU,dc=domain,dc=com

dsquery group -samid “Group Pre-Win2k Name” | dsget group -members | dsget user -disabled -display

35.Command to find all the subnets for the given site 
dsquery subnet -o rdn -site <site name>

36. Command to find all DCs in the given site

>>dsquery server -o rdn -site <site name>

37. Command to find all DCs in the Forest

>>dsquery server -o rdn -forest

38. To list the distinguished names of all directory partitions in the current forest
>>dsquery partition 

Below example for single domain

Below example for parent/child domain

39. To find all contacts in the organizational unit (OU)

dsquery contact OU=Sales,DC=Contoso,DC=Com

40. To list the relative distinguished names of all sites that are defined in the directory

dsquery site -limit 0

41. List of all users with primary group "Domain Users"

dsquery * -filter "(primaryGroupID=513)" -limit 0

(You can change the "primaryGroupID" as per your requirement)

513:Domain Users
514:Domain Guests
515:Domain Computers
516:Domain Controllers

42. How to find all attributes for all users?

Dsquery * -limit 0 -filter "&(objectClass=User)(objectCategory=Person)" -attr * >>output123.txt

43. Show How Many Times wrong Password has been entered on a specified domain controller.

dsquery * -filter "(sAMAccountName=jsmith)" -s MyServer -attr givenName sn badPwdCount

The badPwdCount attribute is not replicated, so a different value is saved for each user on each domain controller.

44. Expire use account.

dsquery * "dc=contoso,dc=com" -filter "(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(!accountExpires=0)(!accountExpires=9223372036854775807)) " -attr sAMAccountname displayName

Fine Granted Password Policy 
dsget user <user DN> -effectivepso

C:\>dsget user "CN=bshwjt,OU=pso,DC=contoso,DC=com" -effectivepso
"CN=test,CN=Password Settings Container,CN=System,DC=contoso,DC=com"
dsget succeeded
("bshwjt" is the user and test is the "PSO" also see the below snap)

ii) How to find the PSO settings

C:\>dsquery * "<CN=your pso name>,CN=Password Settings Container,CN=System,DC=contoso,DC=com" -scope base -attr *

46. Find out Account Expiry date  

dsquery user -name * -limit 0 | dsget user -samid -acctexpires

47.This example displays all attributes of the domain object

dsquery * -filter (dc=contoso) -attr *

48.This complex example displays the names of all attributes (150) that Windows Server 2003 replicates to Global Catalog servers. (If the command displays no attributes, ensure that you typed TRUE in capital letters

dsquery * cn=Schema,cn=Configuration,dc=contoso,dc=com -filter "(&(objectCategory=attributeSchema)(isMemberOfPartialAttributeSet=TRUE))" -limit 0 -attr name

49. How to get all samaacount name ?

dsquery user -o rdn -limit 0

50.The command displays the DNS host name, the site name, and whether the server is Global Catalog (GC) server for each domain controller

dsquery server | dsget server -dnsname -site -isgc
Get all the servers in the forest

dsquery server -forest -limit 0 | dsget server -dnsname -site -isgc

51.The dsget command displays properties of users or other objects. In this example, it displays the 6 groups that explicitly list the Administrator as member

Note: The -memberof -expand combination recursively expands the list of groups of which the user is a member. In this example, the Users group is added to the list because Domain Users is a member of the Users group.

dsget user cn=Administrator,cn=Users,dc=contoso,dc=com -memberof 

52.The output of the dsquery command can be used as input for the dsget command by using a pipe ( | ). In this example, the SAM account name and the security ID (SID) of each user is displayed.

dsquery user | dsget user -samid -sid -limit 0 >> c:\Allusers-samid-sid.txt

53. How to find 

dsquery server -isreadonly

Dsquery for exchange server

54. How to find the Schema Version for Exchange Servers.

dsquery * CN=ms-Exch-Schema-Version-Pt,cn=schema,cn=configuration,dc=domain,dc=local -scope base -attr rangeUpper

55.How to find lastLogonTimestamp for all users for a domain

dsquery * -filter "&(objectClass=person)(objectCategory=user)" -attr cn lastLogonTimestamp -limit 0

56. Inactive users are go to disable state

dsquery * <ou> -filter "(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(!accountExpires=0)(!accountExpires=9223372036854775807))" | dsmod user -disabled yes  

57.ADDS existing connection point objects

dsquery * forestroot -filter (objectclass=serviceconnectionpoint)

58. Find all Hyper-V hosts in your forest
C:\>dsquery * forestroot -filter "&(cn=Microsoft Hyper-V)(objectCategory=serviceconnectionpoint)" -attr servicebindinginformation >> c:\hyper-v.txt

59. Find all windows virtual machine in your forest
C:\>dsquery * forestroot -filter "&(cn=windows virtual machine)(objectCategory=serviceconnectionpoint)" -limit 0 -attr * >> c:\allvirtualPCs.txt

60.Extract the all groups from an OU with Group Scope & Group Type. Find the below snap for your reference.

C:\>dsquery group "ou=test,dc=gs,dc=com" -limit 0 | dsget group -samid -scope -secgrp

61.The following example displays a list of users of the Organigation Unit "Techie Sol",
can then be forwarded to dsget that can provide detailed information about objects.
In the example, the requested user list is headed by the pipe symbol after dsget that
-outputs then the sAMAccountName for all users and email address.
If you wanted to carry out modifications to the information returned by DSQuery user list,
we could send the result to dsmod, which for us is making changes to all users.
In following Image shows the changes in the command ensures that all users of DSQuery
-user list must change their passwords in next logon.

Another way to get the user attributes from an OU. Find the below snap & dsquery for that.

C:\>dsquery * "ou=test,DC=contoso,DC=com" -filter "(&(objectcategory=person)(objectclass=user))" -limit 0
-attr samaccountname description department title

62.retrieve the DN of all users in the domain that are not direct members of a specified group
dsquery * -filter "(&(objectCategory=person)(objectClass=user)(!(memberOf=Groupname,ou=West,
dc=Contoso,dc=com))) -limit 0 > NotInGroup.txt

63. How to open DSQUERY GUI Window

rundll32 dsquery,OpenQueryWindow

DNS application partition

64. How to find the DNS servers from DomainDNSZones & ForestDNSzones

C:\>dsquery * DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=contoso,DC=com -scope base -attr msDs-masteredBy
:\>dsquery * DC=forestDnsZones,DC=contoso,DC=com -scope base -attr msDs-masteredBy

65.Finding the Functional Levels of Active Directory

dsquery * "DC=contoso,DC=com" -scope base -attr msDS-Behavior-Version ntMixedDomain
0, 0        Windows 2000 Native domain Level
0, 1        Windows 2000 Mixed domain Level
2, 0        Windows 2003 Domain Level
3, 0        Windows 2008 Domain Level
4, 0        Windows 2008 R2 Domain Level


Source : MS TechNet

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